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B i o g r a p h y   o f  
QUAID-I-MILLAT JAFARIYA, PAKISTAN
AGHA SYED HAMID ALI SHAH MOOSAVI
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by
SYED QAMAR HAIDER ZAIDI
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Mardaan-e-Haq who were born in Mehran Valley of the Sindh Province enamoured even in the ranks of their enemies through their exemplary character, deeds and spiritual power. Many personalities are reaping the benefit of prayers of such Meesam and Abu Zar like Bandgan-e-Illahi but these Fuqara-e-Alam who knew the royal tricks preferred to live in poverty like a tree that bears the brunt of Sun heat but gives a cool shadow to others. 

.A shadow-giving tree of Gulistan-e-Muhammad, Syed Sabz Ali Shah Moosavi, whose actual motherland was Veryaamal, in District Chakwal of Punjab Province, settled on his lands in Goth Khan Sahib Syed Sher Shah situated in District Tharparkar of Sindh Province. God gifted him with a son in 1940 who was named as Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi. His genealogy touches Hazrat Ishaq, the son of Babul Hawaij Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim (A.S.). Many many top class Aulia belong to this Khanwada, one of them who lived on the Pakistani soil was Zainul Abideen nick-named Shah Zain Badshah. His Mazar is situated in Udharwaal in Chakwal City. Moreover, Hazrat Sakhi Shah Nazar Deewan Badshah in Syed Kasraan, Tehsil Gujjar Khan District Rawalpindi, Hazrat Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai (Hala, Sindh), Hazrat Shah Abdul Latif nick-named Bari Imam Sarkaar in Islamabad, Hazrat Sakhi Shah Chan Chiragh in Rawalpindi, Hazrat Sakhi Shah Piyara Chuhr Harpaal, Hazrat Sakhi Shah Jehan Muhammad Badshah Shah Dee Tahliaan top a long list of Aulia in this family.

.Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi lost his father in very early age and he then moved to his native motherland Veryaamal, in District Chakwal. He got his early education from Middle School Karyala and early religious education from Maulana Ghulam Qambar Faazil Lucknow. Later he was admitted to Darul Uloom Muhammadiya Sargodha in 1954 and he remained there till he passed Faazil Arabi in 1960. In this Darul Uloom, he was taught Fasahat-o-Balaghat, logic, philosophy, Usool-i-Fiqh (Jurisprudence) and Fiqh from his teacher Naseer-ul-Millat Allama Naseer Hussain

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He embarked upon his journey to Najaf-e-Ashraf in 1961 for higher religious studies where after formal education he started participating in Dars-e-Kharij under the patronage of renowned teacher of teachers of Hoza Ilmiya Muhammad Ali Afghani, Mufti Al-Shia Syed Muhammad Ardbeli Al-Moosavi (presently residing in Iran), and Ayatullah Syed Abul Qasim Kokabi. He took Dars-e-Kharij from Ayatullah Al-Uzma Syed Abul Qasim Al-Khoi and Ayatullah Al-Uzma Syed Roohullah Al-Moosavi Al-Khomeini. In 1967, the then Marjah-e-Azam Ayatullah Al-Uzma Syed Mohsin Al-Hakeem sent him back to Rawalpindi, Pakistan after appointing him his representative on the desire of Rawalpindi's Momineen. Likewise, Ayatullah Abul Qasim Al-Khoi, Ayatullah Roohullah Khomeini, Ayatullah Syed Abdullah Sheerazi, Ayatullah Syed Jawwad Tabrezi, Ayatullah Shahroodi, Ayatullah Syed Muhammad Sheerazi and other Marajah-e-Azzaam also declared him their representative. 


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After reaching Rawalpindi, he laid the foundation of a religious school Jamiatul Momineen at Ali Masjid, Satellite Town and started Dars-e-Quran and collective Namaz. He was married to the daughter of a respectable religious and scholarly personality Al-Haj Agha Syed Hassan Ali Shah Kazmi, Trustee of Imamia Mission Lahore in 1969. Her genealogy is linked with Hazrat Hamzah, the son of Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim (A.S.) in whose name the Safavi dynasty came to the limelight. Al-Haj Hassan Ali Shah's father was Syed Budhey Shah who was a renowned personality and a known trader of Sialkot. He was the first licensed Ta'azia-Daar before Partition. In those days, Azadari procession was not allowed on the day of Ashoora, and the police had arrested all male members of his family in advance but the English police officer was astonished to see some Burqah-clad women coming out in street beating their chest, raising the slogans of "Ya Hussain" carrying the Zuljinah along with them. The Police Commissioner abruptly said, "No one could stop a nation the women of which carry such a spirit." He then issued a licence for a regular Azadari procession. The Azadari is increasing day by day since then.


Some Ulema-e-Deen with positive belief patronised the Azadari and struggled for achievement of religious rights for the Matmi Azadars. These are the Ulema-e-Haq who not only protected the great religion of Islam but they were also instrumental in earning a good name for the Millat on all occasions through their exemplary character and deeds


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Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi is an Azadar religious scholar and is a licence holder of Zuljinah procession, which is taken out from Jamia Al-Murtaza, G-9/4, Islamabad on Muharram 8 every year.

The leadership of Ulema-e-Karaam had been recognised in every era as they have been declared inheritors of the Holy Prophet (SAW) and other Anbia-e-Karram (prophet). A saying of Hazrat Imam-e-Zamana (A.S.) that "Amma Al-Hawadis Al Waqea Ferjaoo eela Rowat -e- Ahadeesena" predicting about different incidents and happenings directed the Ummah to consult Ulema-e-Karaam confirming their importance and leadership qualities. Therefore, leadership of Ulema-e-Karaam proved a success in every era.
In Iraq, the land of Anbia-e-Karaam (the holy prophets), Maktab-e-Tashih is being brought up under the dynamic leadership of different Ulema-e-Karaam like Shaikh Naseer-ud-Din Toosi to the present Marajah-e-Azzaam of Najaf-e-Ashraf. Similary, Islamic Revolution prospered in the land of Islamic Republic of Iran that is called the land of Maktab-e-Jaffar ibne Muhammad, under the leadership of Muassis-e-Awwal (the founder) of Hoza Ilmiya Qum Al-Muqaddisa to Ayatullah Al-Uzma Syed Khomeini Al-Moosavi A'ala Allah Al-Muqamah and present Marajah-e-Azzaam. Rather Maktab-e-Jaffar ibne Muhammad shone in Manassa-e-Shahood like full moon.

In India, Ulema-e-Lukhnow from Hazrat Ghufraan Ma'aab to Hazrat Ayatullah Hamid Hussain and his sons Nasir-ul-Millat and Najam-ul-Millat not only led the Maktab-e-Tashih but also get the Tabarra Agitation succeed. Since then the Ulema-e-Lucknow like Saeed-ul-Millat, Syed-ul-Ulema and Emaad-ul-Ulema Allama Kabban Allama Nasir Roohi and Raees-ul-Ulema were playing the leading role in this connection.

In Pakistan after the Partition, Siqatul Islam Allama Bashir-ul-Millat Fateh-e-Taxila and Allama Hafiz Kifayat Hussain were looking after "Shia Conference" and Idara Tahaffuz Shia. Allama Hafiz Kifayat Hussain and Mufti Jaffar Hussain were the persons who signed the famous 22 points as representatives of the Shia community. Shia Demands Committee came into being in the presence of these parties that were led by Khateeb-e-Azam Syed Muhammad Delhavi who got the approval of separate Deenyat for Shia students of Class 9th and 10th under his leadership.
During Zia's Martial Law, considered the darkest era of the country, announcement was made to make Pakistan a State of a particular school of thought. The national newspapers are witness that the first reaction against this announcement was made by Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi Al-Najafi who termed the decision of making Pakistan a sectarian State contrary to the Nazria-e-Asaasi (the basic ideology). 
Later, a country-wide convention was held in Bhakkar in which Allama Mufti Jaffar Hussain was elected as chief of Tehreek Nafaz Fiqh-e-Jafariya. He won an agreement for the Shia community on July 6, 1980 after holding a Convention in Islamabad. After the demise of Allama Mufti Jaffar Hussain a representative meeting of top scholars of the Millat gathered to choose his replacement to lead the Shia community. A full-fledged representative delegation called on Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi at Ali Masjid, Satellite Town on a proposal of Maulana Sajid Ali Naqvi who insisted and requested Agha Hamid Ali Moosavi in the name of Chadar-e-Zahra saying that if he did not accept the leadership of Shia community then they will make a complaint against him to Imam-e-Zamana in the Hereafter. 
Agha Moosavi replied that he was not desirous of any Mansab as Sayadat was the biggest leadership. On increased insistence, Agha Moosavi replied that an All Pakistan Shia Convention should be held as was done in Bhakkar to elect Allama Mufti Jaffar Hussain, only then he would be ready to accept this responsibility. Therefore, All Pakistan Shia Convention was held at Asadabad in District Jhelum on February 9-10, 1984. Khateeb Aal-e-Muhammad Allama Syed Azhar Hassan Zaidi presided over that Convention. Lakhs of people comprising Ulema-e-Karaam, Khutaba, Zakireen-e-Azzaam, Sajjada Nasheens, organisers of Majalis-e-Aza and Azadari procession, caretakers, Mawalian-e-Haider Karrar and Azadaran-e-Karbala approved the appointment of Quaid-i-Millat Jafariya, Pakistan, Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi by participating in that Convention. 
Agha Hamid Ali Moosavi while addressing his first Press Conference as chief of the Tehreek Nafaz Fiqh-e-Jafariya on February 11, 1984 demanded implementation of Zia-Mufti agreement signed on July 6, 1980. He announced violation of restrictions imposed on Azadari by Governor Punjab Gen. Gillani through amending the Article 30 (3) of the Police Act 1861 at a largely attended Press Conference. Many unlicensed Azadari processions were also taken out on his orders violating that new amendment. Now these processions have been converted into traditional ones. Quaid-i-Millat Jafariya, Pakistan Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi staged a "Dharna" (sit-in strike) at Fawwara Chowk, Rawalpindi during the main Ashoora procession against the unreasonable restrictions on Azadari and for acceptance of Shia demands. 
The police following the government orders resorted to action using tear-gas, baton-charge and firing to disperse the "Dharna" (sit-in strike) in the early hours on Muharram 11 and arrested Quaid-i-Millat Jafariya, Pakistan, Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi along with thousands of Azadars. Later, they were released on public pressure on which Agha Moosavi said their ultimate goal was not their release but achievement of their demands. 
Therefore, agitation continued. Initially, arrests were courted from Qasr-e-Abu Talib (A.S.) Mughalabad and Imambargah Kashmirian Dhoke Ratta and later Qadeem Imambargah Rawalpindi was declared Hussaini Mohaz from where a chain of courting arrest started. Five volunteers started courting arrest daily, 12 on Thursdays and 14 on Fridays. Later on the occasion of Chehlum of Shuhada-e-Karbala, observed on Safar 20, as many as 72 mourners courted arrest after performing Zanjeer-Zani.
It is worth mentioning here that hundreds of innocent children also courted arrest along with very young sons of Quaid-i-Millat Jafariya Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi. Moreover, 8 Christians (one of them turned Muslim and his new name is Abdul Ali) and hundreds of Sunni brethren also followed Sunnat-e-Sajjad by courting arrest against restrictions on Azadari-e-Hussain. Syed Safdar Ali Naqvi (Rawalpindi) kissed martyrdom in police custody while Aseer Fiqh-e-Jafariya Syed Ashraf Ali Rizvi (Mailsi) was martyred in jail during this historic and peaceful agitation. 
The agitation reached a decisive stage when Quaid-i-Millat Jafariya Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi announced to observe "Youm-e-Qamar Bani Hashim" on May 24, 1985 and to court arrest 313 Azadaran-e-Hussain including some renowned Ulema, Zakireen and Waizeen from the Hussaini Mohaz that day. Names of elder Mujahid and renowned religious scholar Allama Agha Zamir-ul-Hassan Najafi, Hammad-e-Ahle Bait Syed Mohsin Naqvi (Shaheed), Zakir Riaz Hussain Shah Moch, Zakir Alamdar Hussain Shah (Shaheed), Zakir Ghulam Qambar and Zakir Nabi Bakhsh Jooya were also included in that list. 
The government in power sensing the critical situation extended invitation to Quaid-i-Millat Jafariya, Pakistan, Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi for talks, which continued for many days. After the talks an agreement was signed between the then Prime Minister Muhammad Khan Junejo and Quaid-i-Millat Jafariya, Pakistan, Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi. Thus ending the 8-month long agitation on acceptance of Shia demands earning a victory for Azadarane Mazloom-e-Karbala.
 

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